What is a gastric balloon?
Stomach balloon also known as a gastric balloon, is a non-surgical weight loss treatment. A silicone sphere shaped balloon placed in the stomach helps to lose weight by occupying space and allows you to feel full quickly with less food and with smaller portions. It helps you build up healthy eating habits along with a feeling of satiety. It is a method that does not cause a permanent change in the stomach.
How does the gastric balloon work?
The gastric balloon provides a long-term of feeling of satiety by taking up space in the stomach. There is a significant decrease in the amount of the food compared with food consumption before the balloon placement, Patients need follow up a nutrition plan and do exercise after gastric balloon procedure. Balloon itself alone does not make you to lose weight, it only helps to lose weight.
The main purpose of the gastric balloon is not to provide a temporary weight loss, but to have afit and healthy body permanently. Healthy eating habits are acquired during the time spent with the gastric balloon and a healthy lifestyle is adopted. The aim is to continue these habits after the balloon is removed. In addition, as a result of weight loss with the help of a gastric balloon, a significant reduction is observed in diseases such as insulin resistance, diabetes and high blood pressure. It is observed that some patients do not need to have medications due to the regulation of sugar or high blood pressure. The most signifcant disadvantage of gastric balloon is that it is temporary. The balloon is removed after 6 months or 1 year. However, this disadvantage is eliminated by continuing the acquired healthy habits. Generally, a period of 6 months is sufficient for weight control.
Is a gastric balloon right for me?
The gastric balloon is an especially suitable option for people who do not want to undergo surgery due to its risks. It is a safe and effective procedure with extremely low risks. The gastric balloon is recommended for patients with a body mass index (BMI) between 27 and 35. Gastric balloon procedure is suitable for the following people.
- People who can not lose weight despite a diet
- Those who cannot exercise for various reasons
- Those who are recommended to lose weight as soon as possible for medical reasons
- People who do not want to undergo surgery due to their risks
- For preparation before obesity surgery.
Who is not Applied to Gastric Balloon?
- Those with BMI below 27
-Those who have previously undergone obesity surgery
-Those with stomach problems such as peptic ulcers and severe gastritis
What happens during the procedure?
The gastric balloon is placed under anesthesia by endoscopy. The balloon placed in the stomach is inflated with sterile water coloured with blue dye till the desired volume. Although this volume is 500 ml in average, it generally varies between 400 and 600 ml depending on the stomach capacity of the person. It is a fast and painless procedure. The process takes an average of 15 minutes. It is performed outpatient It does not require hospitalization. The patient is kept under observation for a short time and discharged in around 2 hours.
Aftercare and recovery
After the procedure patients are observed in the hospital until they recover completely. Meanwhile, the diet plan created by the dietician is explained to the patient in details and is followed up by the dietician in weekly meetings after the gastric balloon procedure. The medications to relieve the symptoms such as nausea and cramps which are taken around for 2 days are instructed to the patient.When the patient feels well, he or she can leave the hospital and returns to his normal life.
The gastric balloon is removed by endoscopy under anesthesia as it is placed. The removal procedure takes about 20 minutes and there is no pain during the procedure.
Complications and side effects
Since the gastric balloon insertion is performed under anesthesia, there is no pain or discomfort during the procedure. Patients may experience cramps and nausea for an average of 2 days after the gastric balloon operatio depending on the patient's tolerance. Symptoms are relieved with medications. At the end of the gastric balloon procedure, Patients return to their normal activities shortly after the procedure.
Gastric balloon has not prominent side effects. Side effects are pretty rare. It is a comfortable and safe method. The balloon generally does not harm the stomach or the body. Since balloons are generally made of silicone material, there is no gastric balloon interaction chemically. Those who have gastric balloon mostly experience experience nausea for a limited time. Vomiting and abdominal pain (cramps) are other possible symptoms. These complaints are usually temporary and patients are relieved within a few days. To our observation people who have Elipse swallowed balloon experience less symptoms with respect to ones who have endoscopic gastric balloons. Very rarely the stomach can not tolerate the baloon and patients may have severe symptoms. And sometimes symptoms may be persistent even though they are mild or moderate. In such cases the balloon may undergo early removal. The rate of intolerance and early balloon removlal is only around 1%. A stomach ulcer or a perforation is extremely rare.
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